Strategy

Unique Opportunity in Fixed Income to Complement Your GICs with the BMO Canadian MBS Index ETF

Jul. 5, 2024

For investors seeking exposure to a unique asset class typically reserved for institutional investors, BMO Canadian MBS Index ETF (Ticker: ZMBS) offers easy access to an attractive yield pick up relative to federal bonds, enhancing portfolio income.

Why ZMBS as a Complement to GIC

  • Yield pick- up over federal bonds while maintaining a AAA rating. ZMBS has a 4.37% YTM1 and a duration of 1.89 years. This means that the investor is being paid almost 59 basis points more by ZMBS. BMO Short Federal Bond Index ETF (Ticker: ZFS) currently features a weighted average yield to maturity of 3.78%, with a weighted average duration of 2.54 years.2 Both ETFs have an equivalent average credit rating of AAA.
  • CMHC-insured mortgages to give added protection. NHA Mortgage-Backed Securities (MBS) are fully guaranteed by the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corp. (CMHC) a Crown corporation, protecting principal and interest payments.3 Canada has strict regulations in place to guard against riskier mortgage lending practices, which was not the case in the run up to the U.S. housing crisis in 2008.
  • Liquid and easy access. For retail investors, ZMBS offers simplified access to mortgage-backed securities through its ETF structure, providing greater liquidity. For institutional investors, ZMBS eliminates the logistics and administration required with MBS pools.
  • Tax-efficient returns. The current interest rate environment makes this an opportune time to consider ZMBS. With a weighted average yield to maturity (YTM) of 4.37%, it holds lower rate mortgages that are trading at a discount. As they reach face value at maturity, a larger portion of the return is taxed as capital gains. The capital gains component is likely to diminish as the mortgage securities in the basket are replaced by higher-rate mortgages.

Relative to GICs for taxable investors, the after-tax difference can be substantial for high-net-worth investors, creating an opportunity for advisors to add value.4

Tax Breakdown Using BMO Canadian MBS Index ETF (Ticker: ZMBS)

Before-Tax Return

After-Tax Return

Coupon

Year-to-Month

Interest Income ($)

Capital Gains ($)

Interest Income ($)

Capital Gains ($)

After Tax Return (%)

Difference

ZMBS

1.77

4.37

$1.77

$2.60

$0.82

$1.90

2.72%

+0.63%

GIC

4.50

4.50

$4.50

$0.00

$2.09

$0.00

2.09%

-0.63%

One-year CAD GIC – Best Available on ratehub.ca – TD, Scotiabank, CIBC (June 30, 2024). Capital gains tax scenario only applies to amounts under $250,000, over $250,000 after tax returns can vary. 

Using a one-year time horizon with an investment of $100, a capital inclusion rate of 50% with no changes to interest rates or credit spreads, an investor can generate a higher after-tax expected return (approximately +30%), due to the higher portion of returns coming from capital gains in ZMBS.5


Performance

ETF Name

Ticker

1- Year

3-Year

5-Year

Since Inception

BMO Canadian MBS Index ETF

ZMBS

5.16%

2.95%

0.61%

1.17%

BMO Short Federal Bond Index ETF

ZFS

4.45%

0.05%

0.74%

0.86%

Source: BMO GAM, June 302024.

1 As of June 24, 2024. Yield to Maturity: The total expected return from a bond when it is held until maturity – including all interest, coupon payments, and premium or discount adjustments.

2 Duration: Sensitivity of the price of a debt instrument to a change in interest rates.

3 Relative to GICs, ZMBS price return can be negative in a rising interest rate scenario.

4 ZMBS comparison to GIC: 

ZMBS Tax Calculation:

Interest Income

  • 1.77% Coupon x $100 Initial Investment = $1.77 Pre-Tax Interest Income
  • $1.77 Income Before Tax x (1- Marginal Tax Rate6) = $0.82 After-Tax Interest Income

Capital Gain

  • (4.37% YTM - 1.77% Coupon) x $100 Initial Investment = $2.60 Pre-Tax Capital Gains realized at maturity 
  • Capital Gains before Tax x (1 - Capital Gains Inclusion Rate) + [ Capital Gains Before Tax x (1 - Capital Gains Inclusion Rate) x (1 - Marginal Tax Rate) ] = $1.90 After-Tax Capital Gains

Total Return

  • $1.77 Interest Income + $2.60 Capital Gains = $4.37 Pre-Tax Return
  • $0.82 Interest Income + $1.90 Capital Gains = $2.72 After-Tax Return

GIC

Interest Income

  • 4.50% Coupon x $100 Initial Investment = $4.50 Pre-Tax Interest Income Earned
  • $4.50 Coupon x (1 - Marginal Tax Rate) = $2.09 After-Tax Return

Initial investment of $1,000 – holding period one year (assumes that the investor sells the ZMBS at one year); YTM is calculated gross of fees; assumes the tax rate is 53.53. Top marginal tax bracket will differ depending on province of residence. Capital gains scenario assumes amount under $250,000, amounts over $250,000 after tax returns can vary.

Yields and bond prices are inversely related. A rise in yields will decrease the bond price and a fall in yields will increase the bond price.

Yield to Maturity: The total expected return from a bond when it is held until maturity – including all interest, coupon payments, and premium or discount adjustments.

5 Assuming the tax rate is 53.53. Top marginal tax bracket will differ depending on province of residence. Individuals will be allowed a $250,000 threshold below which the capital gains inclusion rate will remain at its current rate. This threshold will not be prorated for 2024 and will only apply in respect of net capital gains realized on or after the effective date of June 25, 2024. As anticipated, the release noted that Graduated Rate Estates (GREs) and Qualified Disability Trusts (QDTs) would also now be eligible for the $250,000 threshold available to individuals in respect of capital gains that are not allocated to a beneficiary in the year, reflecting that these trusts are subject to the same progressive personal income tax rate structure. Many individuals (and GREs, QDTs) will be able to avoid the proposed higher inclusion rate by timing their dispositions to remain below this threshold annually. Capital Gains Tax Update: What You Need to Know Now - BMO Private Wealth.

Disclaimers

The viewpoints expressed by the authors represents their assessment of the markets at the time of publication. Those views are subject to change without notice at any time without any kind of notice. The information provided herein does not constitute a solicitation of an offer to buy, or an offer to sell securities nor should the information be relied upon as investment advice. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. The statistics in this update are based on information believed to be reliable but not guaranteed.

This article is for information purposes. The information contained herein is not, and should not be construed as, investment, tax or legal advice to any party. Investments should be evaluated relative to the individual’s investment objectives and professional advice should be obtained with respect to any circumstance.

Commissions, management fees and expenses all may be associated with investments in exchange traded funds. Please read the ETF Facts or prospectus before investing. The indicated rates of return are the historical annual compounded total returns including changes in unit value and reinvestment of all dividends or distributions and do not take into account sales, redemption, distribution or optional charges or income taxes payable by any unitholder that would have reduced returns. Exchange traded funds are not guaranteed, their values change frequently and past performance may not be repeated.

For a summary of the risks of an investment in the BMO ETFs, please see the specific risks set out in the prospectus. BMO ETFs trade like stocks, fluctuate in market value and may trade at a discount to their net asset value, which may increase the risk of loss. Distributions are not guaranteed and are subject to change and/​or elimination.

BMO ETFs are managed by BMO Asset Management Inc., which is an investment fund manager and a portfolio manager, and a separate legal entity from Bank of Montreal.

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